LEARNING ACTIVITY #34
The Parousia in the Scriptures
The Greek word "parousia" in the Scriptures means presence,
an arrival and a consequent presence with. This event is presented in the New Testament
as something that would take place during the generation of those to whom Jesus of
Nazareth spoke. In this Learning Activity we will be looking at some of the scriptures
that provide a connection to this event.
Using your Bible, look up the following
verses and write them in the space provided. As you proceed answer the questions
as they appear.
1. Matthew 3:7 ___________________________________________________________________________
In the verse above, what does John the Baptist say is coming upon the Pharisees and
Matthew 10:6–8, Jesus tells the twelve (see verse five) to preach the kingdom. As
a part of that overall message He says:
3. Matthew 10:23 ___________________________________________________________
In the verse above, what does Jesus say about His coming (Parousia)? _____________
Matthew 16:28 ___________________________________________________________
In the verse above, when does Jesus say His coming (Parousia) would take place? ___
Luke chapter twenty-one starting with verse five and continuing through verse thirty-six,
Jesus describes the destruction of Jerusalem, the Temple and His Parousia. After
describing how the Temple stones will be thrown down in verse six, He goes on in
verse twenty to say "And when ye [those to whom He was speaking at that
moment] shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies [the Roman armies], know
that the desolation [of the city and the Temple] is nigh." In verse
twenty-two He calls this time "the days of vengeance" and in verse
twenty-three "there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this
people." There could not be a clearer warning to the people by Jesus of
the coming judgment.
7. Read John 16:16–19.
8. What is Jesus of Nazareth
saying to His disciples in the above scripture? ___________
Matthew 24:34 ___________________________________________________________
According to the three verses above, when would all of the prophesies, including
the Parousia of Christ, take place? __________________________________________________________________________
Read Mark 13:32–37.
12. What message does Jesus give to His disciples in the
above scripture? ____________
Revelation 3:11 __________________________________________________________
What message is given about the Parousia of Christ in the three verses above? _____
John 21:22 ______________________________________________________________
In the verse above, which takes place AFTER the resurrection of Christ, Jesus is
speaking to Peter about John (the disciple whom Jesus loved - see verse twenty).
What did Jesus tell Peter about John? __________________________________________________________________________
we honestly examine the preceding passages we are forced to make one of four decisions:
Jesus was confused Himself about future events.
b. Jesus deliberately misled
those to whom He spoke.
c. Jesus lied to those to whom He spoke.
Jesus told the truth and He did come back again just as He said He would during the
generation to whom He was speaking!
Which of the above do you think is correct?
appears to the author of this web site that the only view that is compatible with
the Christian faith is (d) above. The Parousia was the glorious appearing of our
Lord Jesus Christ to abolish the Mosaic dispensation (the Old Covenant), execute
judgment on the guilty nation of Israel, and receive His faithful people into His
heavenly kingdom and glory.
If we assume that the Parousia has not yet taken
place, then the writers of the Bible and Jesus Himself cherished a vain hope and
lived in the belief of a delusion. If the writers were mistaken in regard to the
Parousia, one of the most confident and cherished of their convictions, how can we
have any reliance on any of the other issues to which they speak in the sacred Scriptures?
scriptures tell us that a significant eschatological event was to take place in the
lifetime of those who had heard and made these statements! Jesus, and the other writers
meant exactly what they said and what they said did take place exactly as they said
it would in AD 70 when Titus and the Roman army marched on the city of Jerusalem
and leveled it to the ground. This action not only destroyed the city but also the
Temple which was the center of the Jewish religious system and ended the Old Covenant.
are other documented sources that help to confirm the understanding of the past historical
return (presence, parousia) of Christ. St. Chrysostom (AD 347–407), makes the following
statement in his writing, St. Chrysostom's Liturgy.
remembrance, therefore, this saving commandment and all those things which have come
to pass for us: the Cross, the Grave, the Resurection on the third day, the Ascension
into heaven, the Sitting at the right hand, and the second and glorious Coming."
You can see from this writing that St. Chrysostom believed that "...the
second and glorious Coming" had already taken place prior to his writing this
Adam Clarke wrote a commentary in 1837 in which he gives the following
narative on Matthew 24. "It may be asked, to whom, and to what event does it
relate?...to the destruction of Jerusalem and the Jewish polity; which in the Gospel
is called the coming of Christ and the days of vengeance, Mathew 16:28; Luke 21:22."
check your answers click on Self-Check below.
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