LEARNING ACTIVITY #37
The Day of the Lord
In the last two Learning Activities we have been examining the passage of scripture
in 2 Peter, chapter three. Before leaving that passage, we should look into the expression
"the day of the Lord" as it appears in the following verse:
2 Peter 3:10 _________________________________________________________________
has been our practice, how this expression is used in the Scriptures helps us to
understand what it means in this verse as the Bible is the best interpretation of
2. Isaiah 13:6 _______________________________________________________________
Isaiah 13:9 _______________________________________________________________
What would you say the expression "the day of the Lord" means in
the two verses above? ____________________________________________________________________
Isaiah 13:10 ______________________________________________________________
also can see in verse ten above that the stars would not give their light, the sun
would be darkened, and the moon would not cause her light to shine. This is a clear
case of apocalyptic language using cosmic disturbances (see Learning Activity # 30)
which accompanies God coming in judgment. God would come in this "day of
the Lord" to bring judgment on Babylon (see verse one) to punish her for
her wickedness and iniquity.
6. Ezekiel 13:5 ______________________________________________________________
the verse above, "the day of the Lord" is mentioned in reference
to when Jerusalem was attacked and the people were carried away into Babylonian captivity.
Once again, the phrase is used in conjunction with judgment being brought forth by
7. Ezekiel 30:3 ______________________________________________________________
The verse above is a prophecy in reference to Egypt being destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar
the king of Babylon. When you read verse six, what will happen to Egypt? ____________________________________________________________________
Joel 1:6 __________________________________________________________________
What is being described in the verse above? __________________________________
Joel 2:1 _________________________________________________________________
What phraseology does Joel use to describe this event? _________________________
Joel 2:10 ________________________________________________________________
What kind of language is used in the verse above in conjunction with this particular
"day of the Lord?" __________________________________________________________
of this points to the downfall of the rulers at the time of the invading armies used
by God in His day to bring judgment upon the people. In verse eleven of this same
chapter, God even refers to the army as His army!
15. Read Joel 2:28–31.
the passage above, God said He would pour out His Spirit before "the great
and terrible day of the Lord," and this event was further clarified by Peter
on the Day of Pentecost when he said that Joel's prophecy was fulfilled in their
day (Acts 2:16–20). If Peter was telling the truth, and I believe he was, we know
that the "day of the Lord" was to follow Pentecost, which it did
approximately forty years later in the siege and destruction of Jerusalem. Also note
the cosmic disturbances that are mentioned in the passage in Joel and also in Acts
2:19–20 and how closely they are aligned with what Jesus said in Matthew 24:29!
expression "the day of the Lord" in the Old Testament was applied
to many different nations, but all references in the New Testament are to the day
of the Lord in AD 67–70 when the nation of Israel and the city of Jerusalem was destroyed!
Israel was destroyed at the "parousia" or coming/presence of Christ
in AD 70!
When the student of the Bible comes to 2 Peter 3:10, how can he
think of any other interpretation of "the day of the Lord" than
the events that surrounded the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70? Peter, in his writing,
is speaking prophetically about the coming destruction of Jerusalem through the armies
of Rome in the AD 67–70 period. Peter uses the cosmic disturbance symbols and language
in the same manner as they were used in the Old Testament when the various days of
the Lord have been described in the previously quoted passages.
It is common
for Bible readers who are unfamiliar with the apocalyptic imagery of the Old Testament
to take these words as literal events associated with a final cosmic event. In spite
of these literal interpretations we must keep in mind that Peter had the same intent
in his words in this passage as was expressed in all of the Old Testament passages
we quoted. Why should 2 Peter 3 be translated differently than the Old Testament
applications of this type of language? We must let the Bible interpret itself.
conclusion, the first heaven and the first earth (the Old Covenant and the Jewish
system) have already passed away and were replaced by the reign of the Lord Jesus
Christ, the kingdom that was to come without end (the New Covenant). The passing
away of the first heaven and earth does not mean the end of the physical world or
the physical universe, but that during the period of thirty to seventy AD the Old
Covenant (see Learning Activity #27) was forever destroyed, culminating with the
destruction of the Temple and the Jewish religious system. All prophecy to Israel
was now fulfilled; the plan for redemption that was from the foundation of the world
(Eph.1:4) had been fully accomplished.
For additional study on the topic of
"the day of the Lord" it is recommended that the reader go to Learning
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