LEARNING ACTIVITY 48A
Jesus Was To Return in "Like Manner"
Another troublesome scripture to some in understanding the parousia (presence)
of Christ's return is the following verse in the books of Acts.
1. Acts 1:11
verse above describes the ascension of Jesus after His resurrection from the dead.
The particular parts of this verse which are difficult for some to understand are
the phrases "this same Jesus," and "shall so come (back)
in like manner."
The problem that arises from the phrase "this
same Jesus" is that some Christians use the phrase to require Jesus to someday
come back in the flesh, physically as Jesus of Nazareth. This would require a physical
visible return to earth. Specifically, these Christians believe that the Galileans
who observed the ascension of Jesus offer proof that when He returns this same sort
of observation is in order otherwise it would not be the "same" Jesus.
The Greek word "same" is #3778, "houtos."
In the verse
above the Greek word #3778, "houtos" is also used for the word translated
"same." Let's look at the implications of requiring Jesus to be
in a visible form at His parousia (presence).
The verse in #2 above tells
us (by referring to verse one of that chapter) that Jesus (who is the Word) was with
God in the beginning. At that time Jesus was not in His incarnate body that was provided
by God through Mary. He was, rather, in His spirit form which is what God is, spirit.
John 4:24 ___________________________________________________________
What was the pre-incarnation (before coming to earth as Jesus of Nazareth) form of
Was the pre-incarnate Jesus the same (houtos) Jesus that walked the face of
the earth as Jesus of Nazareth? ______________________________________________
is understood that one does not have to retain the same FORM in order to be the SAME
(houtos) person. In the beginning Jesus existed in spirit form with God as
the Word. When Jesus came to earth in His incarnate fleshly form He was still the
same (houtos) Jesus.
6. John 1:14 ___________________________________________________________
Who is being referred to as the "Word" in the verse above? (HINT:
Read verse one). _________________________________________________________________
To require Jesus to come back in physical form in order to satisfy what some Christians
believe to be the case because of the Acts 1:11 phrase "this same Jesus"
is an unwarranted requirement. We have shown through the preceding that Jesus
does not have to be in the physical flesh at His parousia (presence) because Jesus
is the same Jesus whether He is in His fleshly body OR He is in His pre-incarnate
spirit state of being.
8. 2 Corinthians 5:16 ___________________________________________________
What does the verse above tell us about how it is we are to know Jesus? ______________________________________________________________________
second phrase in the Acts 1:11 verse that we began this Learning Activity with causes
some Christians concern is the phrase "shall so come in like manner."
This phrase is known in grammar as an adverbial phrase and modifies the manner
in which Christ will again appear. It has nothing to do with the noun Jesus. In the
context in which this phrase is used, and using the correct grammatical understanding,
the phrase "shall so come in like manner" refers to the ascension
of Christ in a cloud. This manner of return is exactly what He did when He returned
to bring judgment on Jerusalem in AD 70 (see the content of Learning Activity #49).
the reader combines the information we have discussed concerning the two phrases
"this same Jesus" and "shall so come in like manner,"
we can see that Acts 1:11 does not mandate a physical, fleshly return of Christ!
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