LEARNING ACTIVITY #51C
The Sin-Death State of Israel and All of Mankind
This Learning Activity will continue where we left off in the previous. In that
segment we concluded that all of mankind, who had disobeyed God (and from previous
material we know that encompasses ALL people beginning with Adam) are in a condition
of sin death and in need of resurrection. The Bible also singles out one people group
in particular and states that they are in this particular situation, that group being
the nation of Israel.
1. Luke 2:34 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________
had pronounced a blessing on Joseph, Mary and the infant Jesus. That blessing included
the Greek word "anastasis" that is translated "rising"
in this verse. What Simeon had pronounced was that Jesus was to be the resurrection
from sin death, or the moral recovery, of many in Israel. Israel, as a nation, was
desperately in need of a resurrection from their spiritual death by their Messiah
who had just arrived as Jesus of Nazareth!
2. Ephesians 2:1 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Who is being written to in the verse above? _____________________________________________________________
Were the people Paul was writing to biologically dead or alive? ____________________________________________
Had those Paul was writing to ever been dead at any time before Paul wrote to them?
Why had these people previously been dead? ____________________________________________________________
was writing to people who were currently alive biologically and had been resurrected.
The resurrection they had already begun to experience was not from a biological death,
but rather, from a spiritual death that was the result of sin!
To be spiritually
resurrected is to be delivered from sin and sin death. This takes place in the New
Covenant when a person believes in Jesus Christ. Jesus is the resurrection and the
life and a person baptized into Christ at the moment of belief has union with and
is placed in Christ along with His death and resurrection.
7. John 5:24 __________________________________________________________________________________________
What does the verse above state as the requirement to possess eternal life? ___________________________________
What additionally happens upon a person believing? _____________________________________________________
a Christian you should NEVER let anyone talk you out of the powerful truth in this
verse. "...he who believes....has eternal life; he does not come into judgment,
but has passed from death to life." Note carefully and permanently the promise:
eternal life, no judgment and passed from spiritual death to eternal spiritual life!
Also take note of the verb tenses used. This is NOT some future happening but rather
occurs at the instant of believing! There will be Christians who will attempt to
convince you that these are all conditional on your performance here on earth for
the remainder of your biological life. That belief is just not true and if you believe
it you will not experience the freedom that you have in Christ!
10. 2 Timothy
2:17, 18 _________________________________________________________________________________
we now understand that spiritual resurrection takes place at the instant of belief,
you may run into a few well-meaning Christians who will direct you to the two verses
above with the intent of informing you that you are a heretic because of such a belief.
The supposed heresy, they will say, is that you believe that the resurrection is
also past and that belief was condemned in this passage. But let us examine what
this text is saying.
The two Bible characters mentioned in verse seventeen
are Hymenaeus and Philetus.
11. What is it that Hymenaeus and Philetus were
12. What was
the result of what Hymenaeus and Philetus were saying? ________________________________________
a thoughtful study of this passage, the bible student should come to the conclusion
that Hymenaeus and Philetus could not possibly have been talking about a physical
resurrection; otherwise they would not have been "upsetting the faith of
some." Instead, if they were talking about a physical resurrection they
would have been the laughing stock of the community rather than upsetting the faith
of some! If it was a physical resurrection they were speaking of, it would have taken
no more than a visit to a local graveyard with a shovel to disprove what they were
saying. It had to be a spiritual resurrection that could not be validated with the
physical senses and this is how their view was resulting in some being upset in their
The error involved here is that Hymenaeus and Philetus did not understand
that although Paul (who probably wrote 2 Timothy in the autumn of AD 58) had been
preaching the New Covenant spiritual resurrection during the time of the transition
between the two covenants. This transition would not come to completion until the
Parousia of Christ circa AD 70! The transitional period was when the Old Covenant
was growing old and ready to pass away as we have already seen in Hebrews 8:13. If
we understand the definition of spiritual resurrection, man's deliverance from the
Old Covenant sin death, as well as New Covenant sin death, into New Covenant spiritual
life in Christ (after believing in faith), we end up not with physical body resurrection
but spiritual resurrection. This truth restores what was lost by Adam through the
cross and the Parousia of Christ.
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