Let’s start this Learning Activity by searching out some of the things the Bible says about sin.
- Romans 14:23b
2. James 4:17
3. 1 John 3:4
4. 1 John 5:17a
5. Romans 3:23
Looking at the passages above we should be able to see a bit about how to define what sin is and who is affected by it.
6. Leviticus 16:15, 16
7. What was the way in which sin was handled under the Old Covenant?
8. Psalm 32:1
9. In the verse above, how is the handling of sin described?
10. Romans 4:7
11. In the Romans verse, how was sin described as being handled?
From the passages above it is clear that those under the Old Covenant had their sin covered over by the blood of sacrificed animals. Let’s look a bit closer at what this covering over of sin consisted of.
12. Hebrews 10:4
What is this verse saying! We just read above that the sins were forgiven? Is there a difference between “forgiving sin” and “taking away sin?”
Under the Old Covenant when the blood covering was made there was forgiveness of sin, but the sin was NOT taken away! This is an important understanding.
13. Romans 11:27
14. What are we to conclude about the forgiveness of sin and the taking away of sin under the Old Covenant?
15. Hebrews 10:11
16. What is the conclusion we can make from #7 and #12 above?
The writer of Hebrews is making a contrast between the Old and the New Covenant!
17. Read Hebrews 10:12 – 18 in your Bible
18. What conclusion do you draw from reading # 12, # 15, and #17 above?
19. Romans 5:18
20. In the verse above, who is being referred to as the man of trespass and who is the man of righteousness?
21. Who did Christ acquit in the Romans 5:18 verse above?
22. John 1:29
23. Whose sin was taken away by the Lamb of God in John 1:29?
24. John 3:16
25. Who in the world did God show His love to by the giving of His Son in John 3:16?
26. 1 John 2:2
27. In 1 John 2:2 above, whose sins did Jesus die for?
From our travels through the above passages we find that Christ provided for the taking away of sin for ALL of mankind that ever lived in the past, are living today, and will live in the future. There are no exceptions! The only conditional statement found in the Scriptures for this to be applicable to any of us is that we must be part of the group who “believes in him” which is the second half of John 3:16.
28. Hebrews 8:12
I therefore conclude that under the New Covenant sin is NOT the issue at all, with one major exception that will be explained in Learning Activity 43 A on this web site.
Sin under the New Covenant (with the exception of the unpardonable sin) is NOT the issue. The constant focus on this aspect has been a deterrent of many from hearing the true gospel of the New Covenant. The challenge of the New Covenant is NOT a sin problem at all. The challenge is a “believing” problem! God has always revealed truth in some manner to every individual who has ever walked the face of this Earth. It is the individual response to that revelation (by believing the revelation) that determines the eternality of that human being.
In the era of the New Covenant the Old Covenant is obsolete, has passed away and does not impact New Covenant believers. When the apostle Paul wrote about the “law” he was referring to the Law of Moses and he clearly stated that Christian believers were not under its authority. Our responsibility today under the New Covenant is to a different law that is written on our hearts. It is a spiritual law and supersedes what came in the Old Covenant. If the believer has an understanding of the Godhead indwelling them this is easy to understand. Our spirit is in union or commingled with God’s Spirit. We have the mind of Christ available to us (1 Corinthians 2:16b) and the Holy Spirit to guide and direct our thoughts and actions. We have today so much more than the majority of Old Covenant believers had.
But make no mistake, “Christ is the end of the law…” (Romans 10:4a). Christ was the anti-type or the fulfillment of the law. That law is no more because of Christ!
When the above is understood it begins to make sense that when Christ comes into the believer at the instant of believing (the baptism of the Holy Spirit), He, (Christ) Himself is that “law written on the heart of the believer.” The person of Christ is the law written on our hearts! Is this a list of codified laws similar to the Mosaic Law? I think not. What is involved here is something on the order of our having the mind and character of Christ living within us. In the New Covenant we are containers, vessels, temples, for Christ here on Earth. It is Him living His life through us to the world one of the primary reasons He keeps us here for a season to reveal Himself to others who need to have a relationship with Him. For us, because of the personal ministry of the Holy Spirit within us, we know right from wrong. In effect, the law written on our hearts is no a “what” but rather a “who” and the who is the person of Christ!
Click on Self Check below to check your answers.