Jesus Was To Return in “Like Manner”
Another troublesome scripture to some in understanding the parousia (presence) of Christ’s return is the following verse in the books of Acts.
1. Acts 1:11 ____________________________________________________________
The verse above describes the ascension of Jesus after His resurrection from the dead. The particular parts of this verse which are difficult for some to understand are the phrases “this same Jesus,” and “shall so come (back) in like manner.”
The problem that arises from the phrase “this same Jesus” is that some Christians use the phrase to require Jesus to someday come back in the flesh, physically as Jesus of Nazareth. This would require a physical visible return to earth. Specifically, these Christians believe that the Galileans who observed the ascension of Jesus offer proof that when He returns this same sort of observation is in order otherwise it would not be the “same” Jesus. The Greek word “same” is #3778, “houtos.”
2. John 1:2 ____________________________________________________________
In the verse above the Greek word #3778, “houtos” is also used for the word translated “same.” Let’s look at the implications of requiring Jesus to be in a visible form at His parousia (presence).
The verse in #2 above tells us (by referring to verse one of that chapter) that Jesus (who is the Word) was with God in the beginning. At that time Jesus was not in His incarnate body that was provided by God through Mary. He was, rather, in His spirit form which is what God is, spirit.
3. John 4:24 ___________________________________________________________
4. What was the pre-incarnation (before coming to earth as Jesus of Nazareth) form of Jesus? ______________________________________________________________________
5. Was the pre-incarnate Jesus the same (houtos) Jesus that walked the face of the earth as Jesus of Nazareth? ______________________________________________
It is understood that one does not have to retain the same FORM in order to be the SAME (houtos) person. In the beginning Jesus existed in spirit form with God as the Word. When Jesus came to earth in His incarnate fleshly form He was still the same (houtos) Jesus.
6. John 1:14 ___________________________________________________________
7. Who is being referred to as the “Word” in the verse above? (HINT: Read verse one). _________________________________________________________________
CONCLUSION: To require Jesus to come back in physical form in order to satisfy what some Christians believe to be the case because of the Acts 1:11 phrase “this same Jesus” is an unwarranted requirement. We have shown through the preceding that Jesus does not have to be in the physical flesh at His parousia (presence) because Jesus is the same Jesus whether He is in His fleshly body OR He is in His pre-incarnate spirit state of being.
8. 2 Corinthians 5:16 ___________________________________________________
9. What does the verse above tell us about how it is we are to know Jesus? ______________________________________________________________________
The second phrase in the Acts 1:11 verse that we began this Learning Activity with causes some Christians concern is the phrase “shall so come in like manner.” This phrase is known in grammar as an adverbial phrase and modifies the manner in which Christ will again appear. It has nothing to do with the noun Jesus. In the context in which this phrase is used, and using the correct grammatical understanding, the phrase “shall so come in like manner” refers to the ascension of Christ in a cloud. This manner of return is exactly what He did when He returned to bring judgment on Jerusalem in AD 70 (see the content of Learning Activity #49).
When the reader combines the information we have discussed concerning the two phrases “this same Jesus” and “shall so come in like manner,” we can see that Acts 1:11 does not mandate a physical, fleshly return of Christ!
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