Learning Activity 63

The “Israel” of God in the New Covenant

Part Two

In order to complete the thoughts of the previous Learning Activity, we need to devote some effort to identifying the similarities found under the Old Covenant that describe “Israel” and compare them with the language used to describe the church under the New Covenant to see that the Bible, in fact, does link these two together.

1. Deuteronomy 14:1 ___________________________________________________________________
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2. How is Israel referred to in the verse above? __________________________

3. Isaiah 63:8 _______________________________________________________
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4. How is Israel referred to in the verse above? __________________________

5. Hosea 11:1 _______________________________________________________
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6. How is Israel referred to in the verse above? ___________________________

7. What word does God use in #1, #3 and #5 above to describe Israel? _______

8. Romans 8:16 _____________________________________________________
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9. How does Paul refer to the church in the verse above? __________________

10. Galatians 3:26 ___________________________________________________
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11. How does Paul refer to the church in the verse above? _________________
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12. What description do you see Paul giving to the church in #8 and #10 above? ____________________________________________________________

From #1 through #12 above we see that both Israel and the church are referred to in the Scripture as “the children of God.”
13. Deuteronomy 14:2 _______________________________________________
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14. How is Israel referred to in the verse above? _________________________

15. Isaiah 43:20 _____________________________________________________
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16. How is Israel referred to in the verse above? __________________________

17. 1 Peter 2:9 ______________________________________________________
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18. How is the church referred to in the verse above? ______________________
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From #13 through #18 above we see that both Israel and the church are referred to in the Scriptures as God’s “chosen people.”
19. Genesis 17:10 ___________________________________________________
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20. What is unique about Israel in the verse above? _______________________

21. Romans 2:29 ____________________________________________________
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22. What unique description is given of a true believer in the verse above? ___
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23. Philippians 3:3 __________________________________________________
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24. What unique description is given of the church by Paul in the verse above?
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25. Colossians 2:11 __________________________________________________
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26. How does Paul refer to the church in the verse above? _________________
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From #19 through #26 above we see that both Israel and the church are referred to in the Scriptures as being circumcised. Israel has a physical circumcision and the church is the recipient of an internal spiritual circumcision.

27. Psalm 78:52 _____________________________________________________
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28. In the verse above, how is Israel referred to? __________________________

29. Isaiah 40:11 _____________________________________________________
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30. In the verse above, how is Israel referred to? __________________________

31. 1 Peter 5:2 ______________________________________________________
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32. In the verse above, how is the church referred to? ______________________

33. 1 Peter 5:3 ______________________________________________________
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34. In the verse above, how is the church referred to? ______________________

From #27 through #34 above we see that both Israel and the church is referred to in the Scriptures as “the flock of God.”
35. Numbers 12:7 ___________________________________________________
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36. Where does God say that Moses is in the verse above? _________________

37. 1 Timothy 3:15 __________________________________________________
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38. What is the church called in the verse above? _________________________

39. Hebrews 3:6 ____________________________________________________
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40. What is the church called in the verse above? _________________________

From #35 through #40 above we see that both Israel and the church are referred to in the Scriptures as “the house of God.”
41. Exodus 19:6 _____________________________________________________
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42. What title is Israel given in the verse above? __________________________

43. 1 Chronicles 28:5 ________________________________________________
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44. What title is Israel given in the verse above? __________________________

45. Colossians 1:13 __________________________________________________
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46. What terminology is used in the verse above to describe where the New Covenant church is? _________________________________________________

From #41 through #46 above we see that both Israel and the church are described as being in the kingdom of God.

47. Jeremiah 31:31 __________________________________________________
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48. What does the verse above say that Israel will be a part of? _____________

49. 2 Corinthians 3:6 (Note: The word translated as “testament” in this verse should be translated “covenant.” ______________________________________
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50. What does Paul say about the ministry in which he takes part in the verse above? ____________________________________________________________

In items #47 through #50 above we see that both Israel and the church are partakers of the New Covenant.

51. Exodus 6:7 ______________________________________________________
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52. What are the Israelites called in the verse above? _____________________

53. Deuteronomy 27:9 _______________________________________________
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54. What are the Israelites called in the verse above? _____________________

55. 2 Corinthians 6:16 _______________________________________________
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56. What are Christians called in the verse above? _______________________

57. Titus 2:14 ______________________________________________________
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58. What are Christians called in the verse above? _______________________

In items #51 through 58 above we see that both Israel and the church are called “the people of God.”
Note: This Learning Activity will be continued in the next Activity.

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